T

Tumor:

an abnormal tissue swelling or mass that may be either benign or malignant (cancer).

Thrombocytopenia:

low platelet count, which creates high risk for bleeding.

Auburn / Cayuga County Cancer Support Group

T: (315) 472-7504

Support Group for patient’s and family/friends Auburn Memorial Hospital. Meeting takes place during the last
week of the month, day varies. Contact Kathy Bennett for more information.

S

Sarcoma:

a form of cancer that arises in the supportive tissues such as bone, cartilage, fat, or muscle.

Staging:

an evaluation of the extent of cancer using exams or tests, which provides the basis for making treatment recommendations.

Stomatitis:

inflammation and/or sores of the oral mucous membrane resulting from chemotherapy or radiation to the head and neck regions (also known as mucositis).

R

Radiotherapy:

local treatment of cancer with high-energy x-rays (radiation). The radiation may come from outside the body or placed inside the body as close as possible to the cancer.

Radiation/portal field:

the area of the body designated to receive radiotherapy; usually marked with ink or a tattoo.

Remission:

disappearance of the signs and symptoms of cancer. It can be permanent or temporary.

P

Palliative treatment:

therapy that relieves symptoms such as pain, but does not alter the course of the disease.

Peristalsis:

progressive contraction and relaxation of the intestines.

Primary site:

the site in the body where cancer originated.

Prognosis:

a prediction of the course of the disease.

Prosthesis:

an artificial substitute for a missing body part.

O

Oncologist:

a physician who specializes in treating cancer.

Oncology:

the science dealing with the physical, chemical and biologic properties and features of cancer.

Ommaya reservoir:

a device implanted in the ventricle of the brain through which chemotherapy is administered.

N

Neoplasm:

any new abnormal growth.

Neutropenia:

low white blood cell count, which creates high risk for infection.

Nuclear scan:

a technique in which radioactive dye in injected into a vein, so that images of the body can be recorded to detect the cancerous tissue. The brain, bone, and liver are common sites scanned.

M

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI):

a technique using magnetic fields to produce images of the body; useful in disease diagnosis, including cancer.

Malabsorption:

impaired intestinal absorption of nutrients.

Malignant tumor:

a mass of cancer cells. A malignant tumor may invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant areas of the body.

Mammogram:

the image produced by a low-dose x-ray of the breast.

Melanoma:

a type of skin cancer such as a mole, which changes in appearance.

L

Lesion:

a change in body tissue; sometimes used as a synonym for tumor.

Leukemia:

cancer of the blood-forming tissues. Categorized as acute or chronic.

Lymph nodes or glands:

small, bean-shaped structures located along the channels of the lymphatic system. These nodes can contain bacteria or cancer cells.

Lymphoma:

a form of cancer that affects the lymph system, which is categorized as Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s varieties.

I

Informed consent:

the process by which sufficient information is provided by the healthcare team in understandable language about proposed treatment in order for the patient to make decisions about treatment and care.

IV:

intravenous. This means an injection of a solution into a vein such as intravenous fluids.

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